江西藝緣精品推薦《三葉蟲化石》

【歷史背景】

    我們都知道,三葉蟲是一種六億年前生活在古生代淺海中的甲殼類動物,在二億八千萬午前已經絕種。而人類,在三葉蟲早已滅絕了二億多年之后的二百萬年才出現。人類生活的年代,與三葉出的時代相差二億七千多萬年,《三葉蟲》屬海生無脊椎動物,主要營底棲生活,也有部分在泥沙中生活和漂浮生活,世界上已發現10000多種,我國已發現1000多種。因蟲體背部為幾丁質甲殼組成,易于保存為化石,又因背甲被兩背溝縱為軸部,和左右對稱兩肋葉,故稱三葉蟲。自前至后可分為頭、胸、尾三部分,該蟲能終生階段性脫殼,所以常見于頭甲及尾甲分散保存為化石。We all know that trilobites are crustaceans that lived in the shallow seas of the Paleozoic six hundred million years ago and were extinct by 280 million noon. Humans, on the other hand, did not appear until two million years after the trilobite had already been extinct for more than 200 million years. The age of human life is more than 270 million years away from the era of trilobites. The trilobite is a marine invertebrates. It mainly lives in benthic life, and some live and float in the sand. More than 10,000 species have been discovered in the world, and more than 1,000 species have been discovered in China. Because the back of the insect body is composed of chitin carapace, it is easy to preserve as a fossil, and because the carapace is longitudinal with two back grooves as the axis, and the left and right symmetrical two ribbed leaves, it is called trilobite. From the front to the back, it can be divided into three parts: head, chest, and tail. The worm can be shelled for life, so it is commonly found in the scattered preservation of head and tail armor as fossils.

  三葉蟲可以算是古生代海洋的霸主,并具有多種多樣的形態,根據不同的形態特征三葉蟲綱可以分為7目 :球接子目 、萊得利基蟲目、聳棒頭蟲目、褶頰蟲目、鏡眼蟲目、裂肋蟲目及齒肋蟲目。其形體大小從幾毫米到幾十厘米不等,身體分頭胸尾三部分,其背甲中部凸起為軸葉,兩側為肋葉,具有明顯的三分性,故稱三葉蟲。由于其具有較為堅硬的外骨骼,往往比較容易保存為化石,成為我們了解古代海洋的一扇窗口。另外三葉蟲的化石很多,并不單純是因為它具有外骨,而是因為三葉蟲要不斷脫殼,外部的骨骼束縛了它的長大,所以它要不斷把外衣脫掉。這些脫掉的殼都大量保存成了化石,所以,盡管三葉蟲化石很多,但是,完整的個體還是不容易找的(洪河)The trilobites can be regarded as the overlords of the Paleozoic oceans and have a variety of forms. According to different morphological characteristics, the trilobites can be divided into 7 orders: the ball joint, the Lendrix, the head of the stick, and the fold. Cheek worm, mirror eye worm, cracked rib worm and tooth rib. Its body size ranges from a few millimeters to several tens of centimeters. The body is divided into three parts: the tail of the chest. The middle part of the carapace is raised as an axle leaf, and the sides are ribs. It has a significant three-point nature, so it is called trilobite. Because of its relatively hard exoskeleton, it is often easier to preserve as a fossil and becomes a window for us to understand the ancient ocean. In addition, there are many fossils of trilobites, not simply because it has an outer bone, but because the trilobites keep shelling, and the external skeleton binds it to grow up, so it must constantly take off its coat. These detached shells are preserved in large quantities as fossils, so although there are many trilobite fossils, complete individuals are still not easy to find(Honghe).

【歷史記載】

    燕子石歷史悠久,據記載,宋、明、清時代即有人把玩,稱之為"多福石""鴻福石"。宋人筆記中已有記載,明曹昭《格古要論》也有詳細記述。燕子石的特點是:色澤古雅、姿質溫潤、蟲體如燕;紋彩特異、富有天趣,它是人類的萬卷書,記錄大自然的滄桑變遷,耐人尋味。關于燕子石我想來點小補充,不是考證,只能稱是"戲說""外傳":春秋時代《闕子》一書記載:"宋之愚人得燕石于梧臺之東,歸而藏之,以為大寶,周客聞而觀之,主人齋七日,端冕之衣,釁以特性,草匱,緹巾一襲,客見之,僥而掩口,盧胡而筆,曰:此燕石也,與瓦瓷不殊。主人大怒,曰:商賈之言,豎匠之心,藏之愈固,守之彌堅。"唐 李賢 注《后漢書》引《闕子》曰:"宋之愚人得燕石梧臺之東,歸而藏之,以為大寶。周客聞而觀之,主人父齋七日,端冕之衣,釁之以特牲,革匱十重,緹巾十襲。客見之,俛而掩口,盧胡而笑曰:此燕石也,與瓦甓不殊。主人父怒曰:商賈之言,豎匠之心。藏之愈固,守之彌謹The swallow Stone has a long history. According to records, some people played in the Song, Ming and Qing dynasties and called it "Dufushi" and "Hongfushi". Song peoples notes have been recorded, and Mingcaozhaos "Gugu Theory" has also been described in detail. The characteristics of the swallow stone are: elegant color, gentle shape, insect body such as swallow; The color is unique and full of heavenly interest. It is a book of ten thousand volumes of human beings. It records the vicissitudes of nature and is intriguing. Regarding the swallow stone, I want to add a little bit. It is not a textual research. It can only be called "play" or "rumored": In the Spring and Autumn Period, the book "Xunzi" records: "Songs fool got Yan Shi in the east of Yutai, and returned to it., think big treasure, Zhou Ke heard and viewed it, the owner Zhai Zhai seven days, the clothing of the end of the day, the characteristics of the characteristics, grass, a towel attack, visitors see it, squatting and cover up, Luhu and pen, said: This Yan Shi also, and tile porcelain is not special. The owner was furious and said: The words of merchants, the heart of the vertical craftsman, the more solid the possession, the more firm the guard. "Tang Lixians note" Later Han Dynasty "quoted" Xunzi ":" Songs fool got the east of Yan Shitai, and returned to Tibet, thinking it was a treasure. Zhou Ke heard and watched it, the owners father Zhai seven days, the clothes of the end of the day, the special animals, the ten heavy leather, the towel ten attacks. The guest sees it, and he hides his mouth. Luhuer smiles and says: This stone is also not the same as the tile. ` The masters father is furious: The words of merchants, the heart of the master. ` The more solid it is, the more secure it is.

【藏品簡介】

    此藏品重684g、體態豐滿,保存完整,主次兼顧,造型優美,動感性強,石化實體致密堅硬,異化后的礦物質特殊,印痕等保留存有原生物體顏色,或異化后石質顏色美。三葉蟲化石從表面看只是石頭而已,但深入審視,其中蘊藏著許多萬物造化的天然信息密碼,蘊含著科學和藝術的內涵。所以從利用的角度講,化石具有藝術觀賞和美學上的鑒賞享受效果、科學內涵和文化底蘊,可令人們追溯生命之歷程和自然歷史的腳步,可以拓寬現代人心理空間和精神世界。不僅如此,它還能給我們展示一幅史前時期生命歷史的畫卷,給人以知識,給人以大自然美的享受。This collection weighs 684g, has a full body, is well-preserved, takes care of the main and minor, has a beautiful shape, has strong motivation, is compact and hard in petrochemical entities, has special minerals after alienation, and has retained the color of the original organism, or the color of the stone after alienation. The trilobite fossil is only a stone from the surface, but it is deeply examined. It contains many natural information codes of all things, and contains the connotation of science and art. Therefore, from the point of view of utilization, fossils have the effect of appreciation and enjoyment of art and aesthetics, scientific connotation and cultural heritage, which can make people trace the course of life and the pace of natural history, and can broaden the psychological space and spiritual world of modern people. Not only that, it can also show us a picture of the history of prehistoric life, give people knowledge, give people the enjoyment of natural beauty.

 

 

【市場收藏】

    燕子石學名三葉蟲化石。在泰山山脈的萊蕪地區,人們很早便發現了神奇絕妙的三葉蟲化石,根據專家鑒定,三葉蟲是生長在海水中的一種節肢動物,它生成于五億年前的寒武紀,至中生代開始消亡,先后統治海洋達三億年之久,滄桑巨變,無情的大自然將它們鑲嵌在了灰黃色的石板上,由于它們保留了生命最后瞬間動人的姿態,蟲體宛如浮雕,色澤典雅,姿質溫潤,紋彩特異,形如采花的蜜蜂,似尋芳的蝴蝶,象翱翔的海燕,又象穿柳的春燕。人們便形象的將這種石頭稱為“燕子石”。Swallow stone name trilobite fossil. In the Laiwu area of the Taishan Mountains, people discovered wonderful and wonderful trilobite fossils very early. According to experts, trilobites are arthropods that grow in seawater. It was produced in the Cambrian period 500 million years ago., until the Mesozoic began to die, Has ruled the sea for 300 million years, the vicissitudes of life have changed dramatically, the ruthless nature has set them on the gray-yellow slate, because they retain the final moment of lifes touching posture, the insect body like a relief, elegant color, gentle and delicate, color, Bees shaped like flowers, like butterflies seeking Fang, like soaring petrels, but also like spring petrels through the willow. People vividly call this stone "swallow stone."

 

    三葉蟲化石(燕子石)生成于古生代寒武紀后期,是古生代的一種海洋動物化石,也是我國稀有的古生物化石之一,對于研究古代地質構造及古生物具有較高的科學價值。

    “燕子石”是石文化的一種,但它實際上有別于一般的石文化,因為它不但是“賞石”,而且更是兼具“化石”的品性。化石不是奇石、玩石,更不是頑石。栩栩如生的飛燕不僅愉悅心目,更是遠古歷史的見證者,是當代科學家們研究歷史變遷的信使。特別是其資源的稀缺性和不可再生性,令“燕子石”具有一定的收藏價值。The trilobite fossil(Swallow Stone) was produced in the late Paleozoic Cambrian period. It is a marine animal fossil of the Paleozoic era and one of the rare fossils of paleontology in China. It has a high scientific value for the study of ancient Geological structures and paleontology.
"Swallow Stone" is a kind of stone culture, but it is actually different from the general stone culture because it is not only a "stone appreciation" but also a "fossil" character. Fossils are not strange stones, playing with stones, and are not stubborn stones. The lifelike flying swallow is not only a joy to the mind, but also a witness to ancient history. It is a messenger for contemporary scientists to study historical changes. In particular, the scarcity and non-renewable nature of its resources make "swallow stone" have a certain collection value.

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