江西藝緣精品《銀錠一對》

【歷史來源】   

    元寶是古代的一種貨幣,由貴重的黃金或白銀制成,一般白銀居多,黃金稀見。在中國貨幣史上,正式把金銀稱作"元寶",始于元代。不過,早在唐初開元通寶行世時,民間就有取其碩大、貴重之意,旋讀為"開通元寶"的。而元代呼金銀錢為"元寶",則是元朝之寶的意思,黃金叫作:金元寶,銀錠叫作銀元寶,既有政治含義,也是對金銀貨幣約定俗成的通稱。Yuan Bao is an ancient currency, made of precious gold or silver. Generally, silver is the majority, and gold is rare. In the history of Chinese currency, gold and silver were officially called "Yuan Bao", which began in the Yuan Dynasty. However, as early as the beginning of the Tang Dynasty, when Kaiyuan Tongbao went to the world, the people had taken its great and valuable meaning and read it as "Kaiyuan Tongbao". In the Yuan Dynasty, gold and silver coins were called "Yuan Bao", which was the meaning of the treasure of the Yuan Dynasty. Gold was called "Jin Yuan Bao" and silver ingots were called "Yin Yuan Bao", which had both political meaning and the common name of gold and silver coins.

    元寶起源于唐朝,在唐朝建中初期(780~783)就有使用白銀支付大宗馬錢(支付買馬的大筆數額款項)的記錄;從出土的寶物中也證實:唐代已有銀制的"""",也就是仰面似船,伏面似案(桌面)的船形"銀鋌"。把"銀鋌"稱為"元寶"始于元朝,元朝至元三年以平淮庫(當時國家銀庫)的白銀熔鑄成"",凡重量達50兩者,名曰:"元寶",也就是"元朝之寶"的意思。Yuan Bao originated in the Tang Dynasty, and in the early period of the Tang Dynasty (780-783), there was a record of using silver to pay large amounts of horse money (large amounts of money to buy horses); from the unearthed treasures, it was also confirmed that there were silver "cakes" and "collars" in the Tang Dynasty, that is, the ship-like "silver collars" on the upside and the boat-like (desktop). The term "silver collar" began in the Yuan Dynasty. From the Yuan Dynasty to the third year of the Yuan Dynasty, "ingot" was cast from silver in Pinghuaiku (then the national bank). When the weight reached 50, it was called "Yuan Bao", which means "treasure of the Yuan Dynasty".

    其實,古代真正的元寶并不是我們今天所看到的樣子。真正的元寶中間部份并沒有凸出來的形狀,顏色也不是金黃色而是銀色。它演變成今日的樣子,或許是基于它原本的形狀有點像棺材,深為人們所避忌。另一方面,為了讓元寶的造形美觀,顏色更亮麗,因而成為今天元寶的模樣。In fact, the real treasure of ancient times is not what we see today. The middle part of the real treasure has no protruding shape, and the color is not golden but silver. It has evolved into what it is today, perhaps because its original shape is somewhat like a coffin, which is deeply avoided by people. On the other hand, in order to make Yuanbao beautiful in shape and brighter in color, it has become the model of Yuanbao today.

    直至明清, 大額用銀, 小額用錢, 銀錠已等同貨幣, 非常普及.不但商業買賣匯兌用銀, 且政府稅收, 支出, 發俸等, 均指定用銀.后來滿清政府更干脆規定國家金融以銀為本位.銀兩之風行直到民國廿二年廢兩改元為止, 凡一千多年. 銀錠是秤量貨幣, 并沒有面值.它的價值是就其重量和成色高低而定.周行單位為兩(一兩約為卅六克), 故俗稱銀兩.至于銀錠的重量, 則視乎需要而定, 并無準則.大至上可分為大中小錠, 大錠一般是五十兩左右, 中錠十兩, 小錠則一兩至五兩不等.一兩以下, 概稱為碎銀.銀錠造形繁多, 因朝代與地域而異.舉清朝為例, 最普遍是船形, 即常稱之馬蹄錠或元寶.但許多省份卻有各自的獨特造形, 如四川的圓碗錠, 江西的方寶, 云南的牌坊錠, 和廣東廣西的砝碼錠等等, 五花八門, 不勝枚舉.銀兩在古時的購買力十分驚人, 與現在真有天壤之別.在清代, 視乎銀銅之行情, 一兩紋銀當值一千至一千五百枚銅錢之譜.而曰用百貨大多是三數錢而已.所以普羅大眾曰常都是用錢, 甚小用銀, 或只用碎銀.只有大額交易或繳交賦稅時方能派上用場.更有甚者, 有人終其一生, 也不知銀兩為何物!銀錠是經由銀匠人手鑄成, 不同于銅錢銀幣般倒模或機鑄.因此每一件銀錠都是獨一無二的藝術品.民國初年的嚴格執行廢兩改元, 及其后因銀價不斷高漲, 誘發外國紛紛搶購改鑄成銀圓銀條而大量流失.現今存世的古代銀錠, 非常稀少.直到明清時期,銀錠都是用同一種貨幣作為小額貨幣使用的。不僅商業交易,還有政府稅收、支出、工資等都被指定使用白銀。后來,滿清政府簡單地規定國家財政應該以白銀為基礎。銀和銀的流行越來越普遍,直到民國22年廢除2元,持續了1000多年。鑄錠是一種有重量的貨幣,沒有面值。它的價值取決于它的重量和顏色。每周的單位是兩個(一個或兩個大約是三十六克),所以它通常被稱為銀。至于銀錠的重量,要看需要而定,沒有規定。大錠可分為大錠和中錠,一般為五十二錠,中錠為十二錠,小錠為十二錠。銀錠的形狀因朝代而異。以清代為例,最常見的形式是船形,俗稱馬蹄錠或元寶。然而,許多省份都有自己獨特的形狀,如四川的圓碗錠、江西的方堡錠、云南的牌坊錠、廣東和廣西的重錠等。在清代,根據銀和銅的價格,一行或兩行銀幣價值10001500枚銅幣,而大多數百貨商店只有三位數的銅幣。所以一般民眾常說,他們用的錢很少或只有碎銀。銀錠是銀匠制造的,不同于銅幣和銀幣。因此,每一錠都是一件獨特的藝術品。這股熱潮使國外紛紛購買銀條,并將其轉化為銀條,損失慘重。古代銀錠在當今世界是非常罕見的。

【藏品簡介】

    此組藏品重687g 此元寶保存環境獨特,四周與底部自然氧化,寶面維持原鑄銀光,銀質溫潤潔白,寶氣攝人心魄,狀態無以倫比。像這樣的銀錠,它身上聚集了歲月積淀,同時又有歷史文化,自然超越了純銀本身,具有很大收藏價值。。藏品為亞腰橢圓形元寶,橢圓的兩邊有上翹的雙翅,中間低平,底部有砂眼,像一條小船。銀錠屬于清代的銀錠,此錠錠型規制,風格明顯,戳記清晰,原始包漿,上美品,拿在手上感覺沉甸甸。蜂窩較深、洞圓潤光亮、神氣足、有彩色光澤者,成色必好。銀表面容易氧化,所以常有一層黑色和灰白色的氧化銀。The collection weighs 687g. The Yuanbao preservation environment is unique. It is naturally oxidized around and at the bottom. The surface of the treasure keeps the original cast silver. The silver is warm and white. The treasure is breathtaking and unparalleled. Silver ingots like this, which have accumulated years of accumulation and historical culture, naturally surpass pure silver itself, and have great collection value. The collection is a sub-waist oval-shaped treasure, with upward-warping wings on both sides of the oval, low and flat in the middle, and sandholes at the bottom, like a boat. Silver ingots belong to the Qing Dynasty, the ingot type regulation, obvious style, clear stamp, original slurry, top-quality goods, feel heavy in hand. If the honeycomb is deep, the hole is round and bright, the look is full and the color luster is bright, the color will be good. Silver surface is easy to oxidize, so there is often a layer of black and gray silver oxide.

 

    老銀錠由于在使用或埋入土中,受人們觸摸、氧化等損傷,銀錠已自然生成了一層銀銹和包漿,這種銀銹和包漿的顏色大多為灰色或灰褐色,色澤溫潤。此枚寶面完美開闊,戳記清晰舒展,造型優美,原味包漿,品種與品相均屬可遇而不可求。Old silver ingots are damaged by peoples touch and oxidation when they are used or buried in the soil. Silver ingots have naturally formed a layer of silver rust and slurry. The color of silver rust and slurry is mostly grey or grey brown, and the color is warm and moist. This treasure face is perfect and open, the stamp is clear and stretching, the shape is beautiful, the original flavor of the pulp, the variety and the product are all accessible but not available.

 

【市場分析】

    錢幣本身的存世量就是影響古錢幣價值的重要因素,收藏界通用的法則就是“物以稀為貴”,當然也適用于古錢幣板塊。歷史上有些朝代比較強盛,數十年甚至幾百年發行單一品種的錢幣,所以這類古錢的數量就非常巨大。有些短命王朝剛試鑄了一些樣幣就被改朝換代,因此這類古錢的數量就非常少,這一點就對力古錢幣的收藏投資價值有所影響。The amount of money in stock is an important factor affecting the value of ancient coins. The general rule in collecting circles is that "rare things are precious", and of course, it also applies to the plate of ancient coins. Historically, some dynasties were relatively strong, issuing a single variety of coins for decades or even centuries, so the number of such ancient coins was very large. Some short-lived dynasties were replaced by dynasties as soon as they tried to make some sample coins, so the amount of such ancient coins was very small, which had an impact on the value of investment in the collection of Ligu coins.

    近年來,隨著國際市場金銀價格的暴漲,錢幣市場上銀元寶的拍賣價格也被迅速推高,銀元寶以其獨特的藝術和史料價值以及數量稀缺的特點,正吸引著越來越多的投資者。    In recent years, with the soaring price of gold and silver in the international market, the auction price of silver dollar treasure in the coin market has also been rapidly pushed up. With its unique artistic and historical value and the scarcity of quantity, silver dollar treasure is attracting more and more investors.

 

    銀元寶具有較高的保值和增值功能,近幾年在收藏市場上價格急劇上漲。據記者了解,明代普通五十兩銀元寶,兩年前的價格是130萬多元,目前已在200萬元以上;清代小的銀錠,兩年前百萬元左右就能買到,現在翻了五六倍。 北京一位喜愛收藏的張先生告訴記者,明清銀元寶分官鑄和私鑄兩種。官鑄銀元寶大多鑄有銀局名,私鑄的一般鑄有私銀錢號等,二者價格相差甚遠,官鑄銀元寶往往是私鑄的幾倍甚至十幾倍,因此,收藏者在購買時要注意分辨,不能一概而論。 明清銀元寶的成色一般在98%左右,外表具有銀的特殊光澤和溫潤感。Yin Yuanbao has a high value-preserving and value-added function, and its price has risen sharply in the collection market in recent years. According to the reporters understanding, the Ming Dynastys common 52-yuan silver treasure, two years ago the price was more than 1.3 million yuan, and now it has been more than 2 million yuan; the Qing Dynastys small silver ingots, about one million yuan two years ago, can be bought, now it has increased five or six times. A favorite collector in Beijing, Mr. Zhang, told reporters that the Ming and Qing Dynasties were divided into two types: official casting and private casting. Most of the official silver coins have the names of silver bureaus and private coins. The prices of the two coins are far from the same. The official silver coins are often several times or even more than ten times that of the private ones. Therefore, collectors should pay attention to distinguishing and not generalize when purchasing them. In Ming and Qing Dynasties, the fineness of silver Yuan Bao was about 98%. It had the special luster and moist feeling of silver on its surface.

 

   銀元寶是跨越錢幣和藝術品之間的藏品,一般被納入藝術品拍賣交易范疇。在拍賣市場上,近年來,銀元寶的成交率迅速攀升。據統計,銀元寶2004年的成交率為50%左右;2006年便達到了95%2007年更是量價齊升,價格突破350萬元的天價。

   這組《銀錠》,品相完好,鏡面包漿,歷經百年,保存至此等實屬不易,現因急需資金周轉,忍痛割愛,如果您有意向收藏此藏品,歡迎垂詢江西藝緣拍賣有限公司,了解更多藏品事宜或者直接在江西藝緣會展中心觀看藏品實物。Yin Yuanbao is a collection spanning coins and works of art, which is generally included in the scope of art auction transactions. In the auction market, in recent years, the turnover rate of Yin Yuanbao has risen rapidly. According to statistics, the turnover rate of Yin Yuanbao in 2004 was about 50%; in 2006 it reached 95%; in 2007, the volume and price increased simultaneously, with the price exceeding 3.5 million yuan.

 

This group of "silver ingots" is in good condition. After 100 years, it is not easy to preserve them. Now it is in urgent need of capital turnover. If you want to collect this collection, you are welcome to consult Jiangxi Yiyuan Auction Co., Ltd. to learn more about the collection or watch the collection directly at the Jiangxi Yiyuan Exhibition Center. Things.

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