初三英語上冊Module 11教案2

  初中三年級英語上冊Module 11教學設計(九年級英語)

Unit 2 I would go around the world.
    ■ Warm up by talking about cities.
    Hello, class. We are living here in this small village. But do you want to live in a city? Why do you want to move to cities? You want to move to cities because cities offer you lots of exciting things. In cities, you can go to parks, go to supermarkets, go to libraries, go to cinemas. You can do lots of interesting things there. But do you know there are lots of problems in big cities. Life is not so pleasant in big cities. Then what are some of the problems?
    Let's go to page 90 to find out.  
    ■Read the passage.
    On page 90 is an article called Visions of the city. It is Parkville. Now start reading it. While reading, try to: cut/ the sentence into thought groups, study the predicative, darken the connectives and underline all the useful expressions. (閱讀過程中,斷開/意群,觀察謂語構成,圈出連詞,摘錄短語搭配。)
    Useful expressions (有用的短語搭配)
    live in…, come to… 50 years ago, a quiet country village, in the centre of the country, at that time, a small house on the edge of town, with some fields and the hills in the distance, be close to a big city, people from the countryside, arrive in…, find jobs, have a better life, needed somewhere to live, be expensive to live in…, the centre of …, the city government, build flats around…, the edge of the city, become a suburb of …, have over a million people, no room for…, the small local school in…, close down, close to the centre of …, get to school, add to the traffic and pollution, better public transport, private cars, run a big city, protect…from crime, need more laws and more police, pay for…, think of…,  have the same problems as…
    ■Draw a diagram of the text and retell the story with the help of it.
    ■ Retell the text.
    Next try to retell the text in your own words with the help of the diagram.
    50 years ago, Parkville was a quiet country village in the centre of the country. But soon, Parkville became a suburb of Arnwick, a city close to it. The small local school in Parkville closed down five years ago. Students have to go to a school close to the centre of Arnwick. Going to a faraway school adds to the traffic and pollution. Larger hospitals and more doctors, better public transport and fewer private cars are needed in Arnwick. More shops, offices are needed. Running a big city and protecting people from crime is also difficult. So more laws and more police are needed.
    ■ Close down by talking about Jo and his place.
    We are going to turn text into a talk. I am the one invited to talk to you something about Jo and his place. And you are going to ask me questions. Shall we start?
    Unit 3 Language in use
    ■Warm up by acting out the text.
    Hi, class. Let's go to page 90. We shall try to turn the text into a play and act it out. Which group is ready?
    ■Study uses of "articles".
    不冠詞,定冠詞,零冠詞
    1. 不定冠詞的用法
    不定冠詞a (an)與數詞one 同源,是"一個"的意思。a用于輔音音素前,一般讀作[e],而an則用于元音音素前,一般讀做[en]。
    1) 表示"一個",意為one;指某人或某物,意為a certain。
    A Mr. Ling is waiting for you.
    2) 代表一類人或物。
    A knife is a tool for cutting with.
    Mr. Smith is an engineer.
    3) 詞組或成語。
    a little a few a lot a type of a pile a great many many a as a rule in a hurry in a minute in a word in a short while after a while have a cold have a try keep an eye on all of a sudden
    2. 定冠詞的用法
    定冠詞the與指示代詞this,that同源,有"那(這)個"的意思,但較弱,可以和一個名詞連用,來表示某個或某些特定的人或東西。
    1)特指雙方都明白的人或物:
    Take the medicine. 把藥吃了。
    2)上文提到過的人或事:
    He bought a house. I've been to the house.
    他買了幢房子。我去過那幢房子。
    3)指世上獨一物二的事物:
    the sun, the sky, the moon, the earth
    4)單數名詞連用表示一類事物,如:the dollar 美元;
    the fox 狐貍;或與形容詞或分詞連用,表示一類人:the rich 富人; the living 生者。
    5)用在序數詞和形容詞最高級,及形容詞only, very, same等前面:
    Where do you live? I live on the second floor.  你住在哪?我住在二層。
    That's the very thing I've been looking for.  那正是我要找的東西。
    6)與復數名詞連用,指整個群體:
    They are the teachers of this school.指全體教師)
    They are teachers of this school.  (指部分教師)
    7)表示所有,相當于物主代詞,用在表示身體部位的名詞前:
    She caught me by the arm.. 她抓住了我的手臂。
    8)用在某些由普通名詞構成的國家名稱、機關團體、階級、等專有名詞前:
    the People's Republic of China  中華人民共和國
    the United States  美國
    9)用在表示樂器的名詞之前:  She plays the piano. 她會彈鋼琴。
    10) 用在姓氏的復數名詞之前,表示一家人:
    the Greens  格林一家人 (或格林夫婦)
    11) 用在慣用語中:
    in the day, in the morning (afternoon,evening), the day after tomorrow 
    the day before yesterday, the next morning,
    in the sky (water,field,country)
    in the dark, in the rain, in the distance, 
    in the middle (of), in the end,
    on the whole, by the way, go to the theatre
    3. 零冠詞的用法
    1) 國名,人名前通常不用定冠詞:England,Mary;
    2)泛指的復數名詞,表示一類人或事物時,可不用定冠詞;
    They are teachers. 他們是教師。
    3)抽象名詞表示一般概念時,通常不加冠詞;
    Failure is the mother of success. 失敗乃成功之母。
    4)物質名詞表示一般概念時,通常不加冠詞,當表示特定的意思時,需要加定冠詞;
    Man cannot live without water. 人離開水就無法生存。
    5)在季節、月份、節日、 假日、日期、星期等表示時間的名詞之前,不加冠詞;
    We go to school from Monday to Friday.  我們從星期一到星期五都上課。
    6)在稱呼或表示官銜,職位的名詞前不加冠詞;
    The guards took the American to General Lee.
    士兵們把這個美國人送到李將軍那里。
    7)在三餐、球類運動和娛樂運動的名稱前,不加冠詞 如:have breakfast,play chess
    8)當兩個或兩個以上名詞并用時,常省去冠詞;
    I can't write without pen or pencil.  沒有鋼筆和鉛筆,我就寫不了字。
    9)當by 與火車等交通工具連用,表示一種方式時,中間無冠詞;by bus,by train;
    10)有些個體名詞不用冠詞;如:
    school,college,prison,market,hospital,bed,table,class,town, church,court 等個體名詞,直接置于介詞后,表示該名詞的深層含義;
    go to hospital  去醫院看病
    go to the hospital  去醫院 (并不是去看病,而是有其他目的)
    11)不用冠詞的序數詞;
    a. 序數詞前有物主代詞
    b. 序數詞作副詞  He came first in the race.
    c. 在固定詞組中  at (the) first, first of all,  from first to last
    ■Read Around the world.
    Turn to page 95. Let's go on to travel around the world by reading the passage called Population and water.
    While reading, try to: cut/ the sentence into thought groups, study the predicative, darken the connectives and underline all the useful expressions. (閱讀過程中,斷開/意群,觀察謂語構成,圈出連詞,摘錄短語搭配。)
    Useful expressions (有用的短語搭配)
    in many countries, the shortage of water, the main problems, with more and more people, less and less water, a lot of the available water, be polluted, carries disease, less available water underground, grow food, walk hours, bring water back to…, with more and more people in…,   get good clean water, become a problem, in many places, a pie chart, in the year 2050, world population, 58% people, have enough water
    ■Close down by putting the passage into a conversation. (改寫)
    We are to turn the text into a conversation.

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